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Clinicopathological outcomes of microsatellite instability in colorectal cancer

1 Department of General Surgery, Istanbul Sultanbeyli State Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2 Department of General Surgery, Abdulhamid Han Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
3 Department of Oncology, Istanbul Sultan 2. Abdulhamid Han Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Taygun Gulsen,
Battalgazi Mah., Pasakoy Cd. No: 60, Sultanbeyli - 34935, Istanbul
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.jcrt_1560_22

Aims: This study aims to evaluate the histopathological features and prognostic parameters of tumors with microsatellite instability (MSI) compared with those without MSI in patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC). Setting and Design: Follow-up for CRC at Istanbul Sultan 2. Abdulhamid Han Training and Research Hospital was retrospectively evaluated between March 2017 and March 2021. Methods and Material: The patients were divided into two groups: those with and without MSI. Groups were compared in survival parameters. As a secondary result, groups were compared in pathological parameters such as stage, tumor diameter, degree of differentiation, and lymphovascular, and perineural invasion. Statistical Analysis Used: Survival calculations were performed using the Kaplan–Meier analysis method. The effects of various prognostic factors related to tumor and patient characteristics on disease-free and overall survival (OS) were investigated by log-rank test. Results: Two hundred fourteen patients were analyzed. The median age of the patients was 66 (30–89), and 59.3% (n = 127) were male. There were 25 patients in the MSI group and 189 patients in the non-MSI group. We found that MSI tumors had a significantly higher differentiation degree than non-MSI tumors and larger tumor diameters. MSI tumors frequently settled in the proximal colon, and more lymph nodes were removed in the resection material. MSI tumors had longer disease-free survival, cancer-specific survival, and overall survival. Conclusions: By diagnosing microsatellite instability, CRCs can be divided into two groups. The histopathological features of the tumor and the prognosis of the disease differ between these groups. MSI can be a predictive marker in the patient's follow-up and treatment.

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