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Age-wise cancer incidence in western Uttar Pradesh in India: An observational study

1 Department of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

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Mahbooba Khazir,
Jamia Urdu Medical Road, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.jcrt_1339_22

Context: According to the World Health Organization report of 2011, the main cause of death was cancer rather than heart diseases. 14.1 million new cases and about 8.2 million deaths occur due to cancer according to the report given by GLOBOCAN 2012. Aims: This study was conducted to highlight the age-wise cancer incidence in western Uttar Pradesh. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the department of radiotherapy from 2018-2020. Data were collected from the hospital records of histopathologically confirmed cases of malignancies from 2018 to 2020. Details regarding age, sex and site of the tumor were collected from the clinical records. Statistical analysis used: Descriptive statistics were used for data calculation as well as summarization, Mean ± SD, percentage, and proportions were calculated. Results: Age-wise cancer incidence in the head and neck region among both the genders shows that the highest percentage of mouth cancer of 23.19% (409) was found among males above 40 years of age as compared to females with 4.76% (84), the prevalence of breast cancer was increasing with increasing age reaching 42.79% (603) prevalence above the age of 40 years. The highest percentage of lung cancer was found above the age of 40 years 32.57% (459) in the case of males. Gallbladder carcinoma in females was 37.882% (161) and liver malignancies in males were found at 9.41% (40). In the case of the female reproductive system, highest percentage of cervical malignancies having 56.85% (485) next to the cervix it was the ovarian malignancy with a significant percentage of 19.22% (164).

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