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Determination of the factors contributing to depression and anxiety in advanced stage lung cancer patients


1 Department of Pulmonology, University of Health Sciences Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of Pulmonology, Sincan Dr. Nafiz Körez State Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3 Department of Pulmonology, University of Health Sciences Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
4 Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Health Sciences Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
5 Department of Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Cigdem Ozdilekcan,
Ozdilekcan, Ankara Onkoloji Hastanesi, Demetevler Mahallesi, 06200, Yenimahalle, Ankara
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_967_20

Background: The diagnosis of cancer and initiation of treatment disrupt physical, emotional, and socio-economical stability of the patients by reducing the quality of lives and ultimately leading to depression and anxiety. We aimed to observe the indicators for anxiety and depression among lung cancer (LC) patients by comparing with other cancer (OC) patients. Methods: This study has been conducted between 2017 and 2019. Questionnaires were provided for both LC and OC patients. Results: Two hundred and thirty patients with the ages varied between 18 and 86 (median: 64.0) were included in the study. A total of 115 patients (case group) were diagnosed as LC, and the remaining were with OC diagnosis (control). No difference was determined between the groups in means of median anxiety and depression scores. Patients who required assistance in hospital procedures, daily life activities, and self-care had higher depression and anxiety scores (p < 0.05) compared to those did not require assistance. Anxiety and depression scores in OC groups showed a remarkable difference according to performance status (p < 0.001). The depression score of the patients who stated that they did not know their social rights was remarkably higher than those of the patients who stated that they know their social rights. We found no relationship between depression and anxiety scores because of disease caused income loss and expense increase. Conclusion: For LC patients, declaration of requirement for assistance and supportive care in daily life can be an important indication for anxiety and depression. Lung cancer patients, especially those informed by health care professionals and provided psychosocial support following the information, require a patient-specific professional management approach.


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    -  Ozdilekcan C
    -  Turkkani MH
    -  Ozdemir T
    -  Goksel F
    -  Akyol M
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