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Radiobiological modeling of radiation-induced acute proctitis: A single-institutional study of prostate carcinoma


1 Centre for Medical Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh; Department of Radiation Oncology, Max Superspeciality Hospital, Bathinda, Punjab, India
2 Centre for Medical Physics, Panjab University; Department of Radiotherapy, PGIMER, Chandigarh, Punjab, India
3 Department of Radiotherapy, PGIMER, Chandigarh, Punjab, India
4 Department of Radiation Oncology, Max Superspeciality Hospital, Bathinda, Punjab, India
5 Centre for Medical Physics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, Punjab, India

Correspondence Address:
Arun Singh Oinam,
Department of Radiotherapy, PGIMER, Chandigarh - 160 012
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.jcrt_1048_21

Purpose: To estimate the fitting parameters of the sigmoidal dose response (SDR) curve of radiation-induced acute proctitis in prostate cancer patients treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for the calculation of normal tissue complication probability (NTCP). Materials and Methods: Twenty-five prostate cancer patients were enrolled and evaluated weekly for acute radiation-induced (ARI) proctitis toxicity. Their scoring was performed as per common terminology criteria for adverse events version 5.0. The radiobiological parameters namely n, m, TD50, and γ50 were calculated from the fitted SDR curve obtained from the clinical data of prostate cancer patients. Results: ARI toxicity for rectum in carcinoma of prostate patients was calculated for the endpoint of acute proctitis. The n, m, TD50, and γ50 parameters from the SDR curve of Grade 1 and Grade 2 acute proctitis are found to be 0.13, 0.10, 30.48 ± 1.52 (confidence interval [CI] 95%), 3.18 and 0.08, 0.10, 44.37 ± 2.21 (CI 95%), 4.76 respectively. Conclusion: This study presents the fitting parameters for NTCP calculation of Grade-1 and Grade-2 ARI rectum toxicity for the endpoint of acute proctitis. The provided nomograms of volume versus complication and dose versus complication for different grades of acute proctitis in the rectum help radiation oncologists to decide the limiting dose to reduce the acute toxicities.


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    -  Singh B
    -  Singh G
    -  Oinam AS
    -  Singh M
    -  Kumar V
    -  Vashistha R
    -  Sidhu MS
    -  Katake A
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