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Autosegmentation of lung computed tomography datasets using deep learning U-Net architecture

1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland; Science and Engineering Faculty, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Queensland, Australia

Correspondence Address:
Prabhakar Ramachandran,
Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, 199, Ipswich Road, Woolloongabba, Queensland
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.jcrt_119_21

Aim: Current radiotherapy treatment techniques require a large amount of imaging data for treatment planning which demand significant clinician's time to segment target volume and organs at risk (OARs). In this study, we propose to use U-net-based architecture to segment OARs commonly encountered in lung cancer radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Four U-Net OAR models were generated and trained on 20 lung cancer patients' computed tomography (CT) datasets, with each trained for 100 epochs. The model was tested for each OAR, including the right lung, left lung, heart, and spinal cord. Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and Hausdorff distance (HD) were used to assess the agreement between the predicted contour and ground truth. Results: The highest of the average DSC among the test patients for the left lung and the right lung was 0.96 ± 0.03 and 0.94 ± 0.06, respectively, and 0.88 ± 0.04 for heart, and 0.76 ± 0.07 for the spinal cord. The HD for these corresponding DSCs was 3.51 ± 0.85, 4.06 ± 1.12, 4.09 ± 0.85, and 2.76 ± 0.52 mm for left lung, right lung, heart, and spinal cord, respectively. Conclusion: The autosegmented regions predicted by right and left lung models matched well with the manual contours. However, in a few cases, the heart model struggled to outline the boundary precisely. The spinal cord model had the lowest DSC, which may be due to its small size. This is an ongoing study aimed to assist radiation oncologists in segmenting the OARs with minimal effort.

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