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Clinicohistopathological study of benign breast lesions in surgically excised specimens in a tertiary care hospital

 Department of Pathology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences “Deemed to be University,” Karad, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil V Jagtap,
Department of Pathology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences “Deemed to be University,“ Karad - 415 110, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_688_20

Background: Distinguishing benign breast diseases (BBDs) from malignant breast diseases is a worrisome entity and should also have knowledge of the pattern of occurrence of the disorders in their geographical location. This research aimed to study the clinical and histopathological pattern of BBD in Indian patients. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted on 153 specimens from lumpectomy, core needle biopsy, and mastectomy. Data regarding patients' age, sex, presenting complaints, duration of the complaints, and history of menstrual cycles and lactation were collected from the biopsy requisition forms and case papers. The tissue bits were processed and stained with hematoxylin and eosin, and a histopathological examination was performed. Results: Most of the patients in the present study were females (n = 151, 98.7%). The mean age of the patients was 30.45 years. Most of the BBD cases (n = 118, 77.14%) were benign, of which fibroadenoma (101 cases) accounted for 66%. Majority of the lesions were in the upper outer quadrant (39.22%). Of the 153 cases, 94 cases of fibroadenoma, one case of breast abscess, nine cases of fibrocystic change, four cases of phyllodes, three cases of lipoma, and one case of gynecomastia diagnosed clinically correlated well with histopathology (n = 112, 73%). Conclusion: BBDs are mostly seen in female patients in the age group of 21–30 years. Fibroadenoma is the most common BBD. Clinical assessment followed by histopathological examination provided an accurate diagnosis. The clinical diagnosis correlated well with histopathology.

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