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Measurement of dose enhancement factor for Xoft Axxent electronic brachytherapy device using nanoparticle-embedded alginate film and radiochromic film


1 Radiological Physics & Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre; Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai, India
2 Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar; Radiation &Photochemistry Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Nitin R Kakade,
Radiological Physics & Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre; Homi Bhabha National Institute, Anushaktinagar, Mumbai
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.jcrt_207_21

Aim: Inw nanoparticles-aided radiotherapy, the radiation sensitivity of tumor is increased with the infusion of nanoparticles in tumor. This therapeutic modality is capable of delivering enhanced dose to tumor, without exceeding the normal tissue tolerance dose. Further, the quantification of the enhanced dose using suitable dosimeter is important. The present study is aimed at measuring the dose enhancement factors (DEFs) using the combination of nanoparticles-embedded alginate (Alg) film and unlaminated Gafchromic EBT3 film. Materials and Methods: Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs)- and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs)-embedded Alg polymer films were synthesized and characterized using standard techniques. Further, a customized version of the Gafchromic EBT3 film, i.e., unlaminated EBT3 film, was specially fabricated. The DEFs were measured using Xoft Axxent electronic brachytherapy device. Results: The surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and particle size of AuNPs were found to be 550 and 15 ± 2 nm, respectively. In the case of AgNPs, the SPR and particle size were recorded as 400 and 13 ± 2 nm, respectively. The DEFs measured, using unlaminated EBT3 film, for Xoft Axxent electronic brachytherapy using AuNPs and AgNPs were 1.35 ± 0.02 and 1.20 ± 0.01, respectively. Conclusion: The increase in dose enhancement during nanoparticles-aided electronic brachytherapy can be attributed to dominance of photoelectric effect, due to the presence of low-energy X-rays. The investigation indicates that the Xoft Axxent electronic brachytherapy device is suitable for nanoparticles-aided brachytherapy.


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    -  Kakade NR
    -  Das A
    -  Kumar R
    -  Sharma S D
    -  Maiti N
    -  Chadha R
    -  Sapra B K
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