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Presentation of a matrix-based method to calculate dose distribution in brachytherapy with photon-emitting sources

 Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Azam Mozaffari,
Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Pardise Daneshgah, Azadi Square, Mashhad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_1274_16

Aim of Study: The report of the task group number 43(TG-43) of AAPM has been known as the most common method to obtain the dose distribution around brachytherapy sources. The error caused by independent obtaining and rounding and combinational error caused by algebraic operations of each TG-43 dosimetry parameters increase the total error in the calculation of the dose distribution around the brachytherapy sources. The aim of the present study is to present and evaluate a matrix-based approach for simplifying and reducing calculation errors. Materials and Methods: In this study, the simulation method with MCNPX code was used to obtain the dose distribution. Four sources were simulated, and the dose matrix around these sources was obtained. Finally, the dose distribution obtained from the matrix-based method was compared with the dose distribution obtained from the method of TG-43 report. Results: There is little difference between the values obtained from the two methods in some points. Absolute mean differences between the values obtained by these two methods were 1.4% for the 60Co, 3.52% for the 137Cs, 2.67% for the 192Ir, and 2.42% for the 103Pd sources. The advantage of the matrix-based method is its simple computing process and less computation time. Conclusion: Considering that the comparison of brachytherapy sources is not raised in calculations of treatment planning systems and also considering the more uncertainty in the calculation of the dose distribution in TG-43 method, it is recommended that dose distribution obtained from matrix-based method be used as input for treatment planning systems.

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    -  Ghorbani M
    -  Mozaffari A
    -  Akbari-Lalimi H
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