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Resistance to bevacizumab in ovarian cancer SKOV3 xenograft due to EphB4 overexpression

 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, Shandong, P.R. China

Correspondence Address:
Li Li,
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Binzhou Medical University Hospital, Binzhou, Shandong 256603
P.R. China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.204896

Aim of Study: Bevacizumab (BV) is broadly used to treat a number of cancers; however, BV resistance mechanisms and strategies to overcome this resistance are yet to be determined. Materials and Methods: In this study, we used ovarian xenograft model to evaluate the underlying resistance mechanisms of BV in ovarian cancer treatment. Results: Our results showed that EphB4 was overexpressed in BV-resistant xenograft models instead of other common receptor tyrosine kinases. In addition, when coadministrated with EphB4 blocker NVP-BHG712, the antitumor effect of BV was significantly enhanced in the resistant model, further confirmed the role of EphB4 in BV-resistant ovarian cancer. These results indicate that NVP-BHG712 reverses EphB4 overexpression-mediated resistance to BV. Conclusion: These findings represent a guide for the design of future medication strategy and may be useful in guiding the use of BV in combination with NVP-BHG712 in patients with resistance or intolerance ovarian cancer.

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