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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1564-1568

Reason for improper simple hysterectomy in invasive cervical cancer in Northeast India

Department of Gynaecologic Oncology, Dr. B. Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Haelom Liegise
East Block Burma Camp, Near Phom Church, Dimapur - 972 112, Nagaland
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_1005_20

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Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the reasons for improper simple hysterectomy in the presence of invasive cervical cancer in Northeast India. Materials and Methods: The medical records of 52 patients who had undergone improper simple hysterectomy in the presence of invasive cervical cancer and were referred to a tertiary regional cancer Institute at Guwahati, Assam, between January 2015 and December 2019 were reviewed. Results: Most of the patients presented with abnormal vaginal bleeding (40.4%). The failure to perform cervical cytology before the operation was quite high at 48.1% (25 patients). Interestingly, normal cytologic smear could still be found in 15.4% (8 patients) despite the presence of invasive cervical cancer. Failure to perform preoperative Papanicolaou smear, incomplete evaluation of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) on cervical biopsy, and negative Papanicolaou smear accounted for 75% of the patients undergoing inappropriate simple hysterectomy. The most common indications for inappropriate operation were abnormal vaginal bleeding (40.4%) and CIN (19.2%). The reasons for inappropriate simple hysterectomy included lack of preoperative cervical cytology (48.1%), false-negative cervical cytology (15.4%), incomplete evaluation of cervical dysplasia or microinvasion on biopsy (11.5%). failure to perform indicated conization( 5.8%), emergency hysterectomy (3.8%), errors in colposcopic examination (3.8%), incomplete evaluation of an abnormal cervical cytology (3.8%), failure to review slide (3.8%) and failure to biopsy a gross cervica lesion (3.8%). Conclusion: Most improper simple hysterectomy resulted from deviation from guideline for cervical cancer detection protocols. Improper simple hysterectomy in the presence of invasive cervical cancer can be avoided if one sticks to the diagnostic guideline for patients with an abnormal cervical cytology.

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