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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 733-740

Impact of head-and-neck radiation oncology clinical fellowship on multidisciplinary assessment, radiation workflow, and survival of adult patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma

1 Department of Radiation Oncology, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan
2 Department of Biostatistics, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan
3 Department of Surgical Oncology, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan
4 The Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Issa Mohamad
Consultant Radiation Oncologist, King Hussein Cancer Center, PO Box 1269, Amman 11941
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.jcrt_226_21

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Purpose: The purpose of the study wast to evaluate the influence of head-and-neck clinical fellowship training on multidisciplinary assessment, radiation workflow, and clinical outcomes of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients with NPC treated between 2010 and 2017. The study cohort was allocated into prefellowship cohort (pre-FSC) (January 2010–September 2014) and postfellowship cohort (post-FSC) (October 2014–December 2017). Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, multidisciplinary assessment, radiation workflow, and treatment were reviewed. Univariable, multivariable, and relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were performed. Results: One hundred and forty-three patients were included, 68 in the pre-FSC and 75 in the post-FSC. For the post-FSC versus pre-FSC, there were increased multidisciplinary referrals to dental (100% vs. 79.4%, P = 0.001), nutritional (94.7% vs. 70.6%, P = 0.0001), peg-tube insertion (84% vs. 64.7%, P = 0.0001), speech and swallow (94.7% vs. 13.2%, P = 0.0001), psychosocial (100% vs. 26.5%, P = 0.0001), and smoking cessation clinic (33.3% vs. 5.9%, P = 0.0001). For the post-FSC versus pre-FSC, there were statistically significant differences in the elements of radiation workflow; mean time required for contouring was 3.2 vs. 8.8 days (P = 0.0001), radiotherapy plan implementation: 1.9 vs. 4.8 days (P = 0.0001), and plan approval: 0.4 vs. 0.9 day (P = 0.00012). On multivariable analysis, smoking was associated with poor RFS (P = 0.04). There were no statistically significant differences in OS (94.7% vs. 87.2% at 3 years; P = 0.126) and RFS (88.4% vs. 84.4% at 3 years; P = 0.281) between post and pre-FSCs, respectively. Conclusions: Clinical fellowship training results in increase multidisciplinary referrals to supportive services, improves radiotherapy workflow, but had no significant impact on survival outcomes.

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