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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1261-1268

A novel irradiation stent versus conventional irradiation stent for malignant dysphagia: A prospective randomized controlled trial


1 Nanjing Medical University; Department of Radiology, Center of Interventional Radiology and Vascular Surgery, Medical School, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, China
2 Department of Radiology, Center of Interventional Radiology and Vascular Surgery, Medical School, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, Nanjing, China
3 Department of Oncology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Changzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Jin-He Guo
Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing; Department of Radiology, Center of Interventional Radiology and Vascular Surgery, Zhongda Hospital, Southeast University, 87 Dingjiaqiao Road, Nanjing 210009
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.jcrt_185_21

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Aim: To evaluate whether a novel irradiation stent (NIS) could decrease the rate of recurrent dysphagia, compared to the conventional irradiation stent (CIS) in patients with malignant dysphagia. Materials and Methods: We performed an open-label randomized controlled trial of participants with malignant dysphagia. A total of 94 participants were parallelly allocated into the NIS group or the NIS group between April 2019 and April 2020. The primary endpoint was the rate of recurrent dysphagia. The secondary endpoints included technical success, clinical success, overall survival, and adverse events. Results: The technical success rate and the clinical success rate was 100.0% (47/47) in both groups. The median follow-up period was 189 days (range 14–422 days). Recurrent dysphagia was observed in 12.8% (6/47) of patients in the NIS group and 31.9% (15/47) in the CIS group (P = 0.026). Tissue/tumor growth occurred in 4 patients (8.5%) after NIS placement and 12 (25.5%) after CIS placement (P = 0.028). Stent migration occurred in 2 patients (4.3%) after NIS placement and 3 (6.4%) after CIS placement (P = 0.646). No food obstruction was found in both groups. The median overall survival was 177 days (95% confidence interval [CI] 139–214) in the NIS group and 168 days (95% CI 153–183) in the CIS group (P = 0.932). The incidence of severe adverse events was comparable between the two groups (21.3% vs. 17.0%, P = 0.600). Conclusions: In patients with malignant dysphagia, compared with CIS, NIS could decrease the rate of tissue/tumor growth without increase the rate of stent migration and therefore decrease the rate of recurrent dysphagia.


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