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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 956-962

Self-esteem, metacognition, and coping strategies in cancer patients: A case–control study

1 Department of Family Medicine, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey
2 Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey
3 Department of Family Medicine, Ümraniye Education and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Fatih Karatas
Department of Medical Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Karabuk University, Karabuk
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_618_19

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Background: Self-esteem refers to a person's positive and negative attitudes towards the self, and metacognition is an upper system providing awareness and direction of events and mental functions. Coping refers to the specific and psychological efforts used to deal with stressful events or the negative effects of the agents of these. The aim of this study was to evaluate self-esteem, metacognition status and coping attitudes in patients with cancer, which is known to have severely destructive psychological effects. Materials and Methods: Fifty adult cancer patients who were followed up in the medical oncology clinic between July 2018 and June 2019 and 50 age- and gender-matched healthy controls as control group were included in this study. All the participants were applied with a sociodemographic data form, the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, the Metacognition Assessment Scale, and the Copying Orientation to Problems Experienced (COPE) inventory, and their results were compared between the groups. Results: The groups comprised 50% females with a median age of 58 (33–82) years. The values related to the degree of participation in discussions, problem-focused coping, active coping, planning, and state of emotional vulnerability were low in the cancer patient group compared to the control group (P < 0.005 for all). The sustaining of their self-image, feeling threatened in interpersonal relationships, and degree of daydreaming were higher, and in the metacognition tests, the positive beliefs related to anxiety, uncontrolled or dangerous negative thoughts, nonfunctional coping, religious coping, joking, reckless behavior, substance use, denial, and mental disengagement scores were higher (P < 0.05 for all). Conclusion: Self-esteem was lower in cancer patients and upper level cognitive functions and problem-focused coping were determined to be worse compared to healthy controls. In the light of these results, psychosocial support given to cancer patients in this respect could contribute to quality of life and social conformity.

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