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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 313-317

Dosimetric characteristic of physical wedge versus enhanced dynamic wedge based on Monte Carlo simulations


1 Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ghazale Geraily
Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.183562

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Aim of Study: Physical wedges (PWs) are widely used in radiotherapy to obtain tilted isodose curves, but they alter beam quality. Dynamic wedges (DWs) using moving collimator overcome this problem, but measuring their beam data is not simple. The main aim of this study is to obtain all dosimetric parameters of DWs produced by Varian 2100CD with Monte Carlo simulation and compare them to those from PWs. Subjects and Methods: To simulate 6 MV photon beams equipped with PW and DW, BEAMnrc code was used. All dosimetric data were obtained with EDR2 films and two-dimensional diode array detector. Results: Good agreement between simulated and measured dosimetric data for PW and DW fields was obtained. Our results showed that percentage depth dose and beam profiles at nonwedged direction for DWs are the same as open fields and can be used to each other. Conclusion: From Monte Carlo simulations, it can be concluded that DWs in spite of PW do not have effect on beam quality and are good options for treatment planning system which cannot consider hardening effect produced by PWs. Furthermore, BEAMnrc is a powerful code to acquire all date required by DWs.


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