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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 511-515

Extent of surgery in the management of phyllodes tumor of the breast: A retrospective multicenter study from India

1 Department of Surgery,G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, U.P, India
2 Department of Surgery, Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal, M.P, India
3 Department of Surgery, Rohilkhand Medical College, Bareilly, U.P, India
4 Department of Pathology, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, U.P, India
5 Department of Pathology, Rohilkhand Medical College, Bareilly, U.P, India

Correspondence Address:
Satyajeet Verma
Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, G.S.V.M. Medical College, Kanpur, U.P., India - 208002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.77085

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Introduction: Phyllodes tumor (PT) is a rare tumor of the breast. Usually, difficulty in making preoperative diagnoses and unpredictable clinical outcome of this disease leads to inappropriate management. Till date, no definite conclusion regarding the appropriate surgical procedure can be drawn. Objectives: The objective of this retrospective study is to study the clinicopathological correlation of phyllodes tumors in North-Central part of the India and also to evaluate efficacy of the various surgical options available for the management of phyllodes tumors of the breast. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of 24 cases from the archives of department of surgery of three tertiary institutes of North-Central part of India. We reviewed the clinical, pathological features of this disease entity with a view to highlight relevant features. We also analyzed various surgical options done for primary as well as recurrent PT. Results: The breast masses in our study were particularly large. The mean size of the lump was 9.5΁5.5 cm (range was 4.0-23 cm). Histopathological report was benign, borderline, and malignant PT in 62.4%, 20.8%, and 16.8% of the cases, respectively. Overall, 31 surgical procedures (24 in primary and 7 in recurrent) were performed. Simple lumpectomy, wide local excision and simple mastectomy were done in 25%, 27.4% and 27.4% of primary (non-recurrent) cases of PT, respectively. Modified radical mastectomy and simple mastectomy with LD flap reconstruction was done in 7.2% and 2.4% in primary cases, respectively in recurrent cases, simple mastectomy was done in four cases and modified radical mastectomy was done in one case. Overall, recurrence was seen in 29.2% of the cases. The median time for recurrence was 6 months (range 5.0-36 months). 90% (6/7) of recurrence occurred in lumpectomy patients. Conclusion: The unpredictable behavior of histological types and the disputable results of particular surgical procedures have contributed to the controversies. The therapeutic issue is further compounded by an imprecise preoperative diagnosis. This study shows that wide local excision for benign and borderline and simple mastectomy with or without reconstruction for the malignant PT of the breast are acceptable best surgical options.

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