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Telomere length variation and expression analysis of shelterin complex genes during gallbladder carcinogenesis


1 Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Centre for Genomics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Department of Pathology, Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
3 Department of Surgical Oncology, Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Pramod Kumar Tiwari,
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Centre for Genomics, Jiwaji University, Gwalior - 474 011, Madhya Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: Telomeres, which are bound with shelterin protein complex, play an important role in maintaining genomic stability and its dysfunction may lead to carcinogenesis. Here, we aimed to analyze whether shelterin complex gene expression and telomere length variation, play any role in gallbladder carcinogenesis. Methods: Telomere length analysis was carried out by monochrome multiplex qPCR, whereas expression analysis of shelterin genes was carried out using RT-qPCR. Statistical analysis was carried out using SigmaPlot 11 software. Results: We found significantly reduced telomere length in tumor tissues, and this reduction was seen in both, tumors with or without gallstones in comparison to adjacent non tumor and gallstone (chronic calculous cholecystitis: Inflamed) tissues. Inflamed tissues showed increased telomere length as compared to both adjacent non tumor and tumor tissues. Expression analysis of five shelterin genes showed significant downregulation of TERF1, POT1, and TINF2 genes in inflamed tissues as compared to non tumor and tumor tissues. POT1 was also found to be significantly upregulated in tumor tissues and specifically in tumor tissues with gallstones compared to inflamed tissues. Conclusion: This study, thus, suggests that, gallstone does not affect telomere length and even after having increased telomere length, decreased expression of some shelterin genes in inflamed tissue might cause telomeres to cap improperly, possibly leading to telomere dysfunction and further, gallbladder carcinogenesis. Also, increased expression of POT1 in tumor tissues with gallstones could act as a diagnostic marker in patients with gallstones.


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    -  Poojary SS
    -  Mishra G
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